Pathology Handbook

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Urine Microscopy

Laboratory:Microbiology
Test Code:UM
Medicare rebatable:Yes
Specimen Types:Urine Midstream
Container Types:
Sterile ContainerSterile Container
Adults Volume or Mass:50 mL
Minimum/Paediatric Volume or Mass:10 mL
Collection & Request Instructions:

Male Patients: The foreskin should be gently retracted and the glans cleaned with cotton wool and sterile water. Do not use soap or disinfectants. When urinary stream is well established obtain 10-20 mL in a container.

Female Patients: The labia must be separated and washed with cotton wool and sterile water from front to back. A vaginal tampon is useful if there is vaginal discharge. Better results will be obtained if the patient is carefully instructed and then allowed to collect the specimen herself, rather than trying to collect the urine with the patient in bed.

Indwelling Catheters: Urine must not be obtained from the bag, but by sterile syringe from the catheter tubing which has been temporarily clipped off.

Red cell morphology must be specifically requested.  Mark specimen urgent and send immediately to the laboratory. This test is only available between 0800 and 1700.

Testing will however be performed when specifically requested. 

Transport Instructions:Room Temperature
Processing Instructions:Store at 4'C
Assay Frequency:Daily

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